of Isis and Serapis
The Egyptian Temple of Isis and Serapis was located on the Campus Martius.
Despite the laws passed by the Senate making it difficult to worship Isis
and her husband Serapis, the cult continued to flourish outside the official
walls of Rome.
Built by Augustus’s most trusted friend, Marcus Agrippa, the Pantheon was
a temple on the Campus Martius dedicated to all the gods of Ancient Rome.
Its vast interior and “honeycombed” ceiling made it one of the most remarkable
buildings of its time.
Temple of Apollo
One of two temples to Apollo in Rome. This temple was built on the Campus Martius
next to the Theatre of Marcellus and the Portico of Octavia. The second temple was built on the Palatine Hill and was connected to Augustus's house.
The Temple of Jupiter was located on the Capitoline Hill and considered to
be the greatest temple in ancient Rome.
The Baths of Agrippa were built by Marcus Agrippa and were the first baths
of any considerable size constructed in Rome.
The Campus Martius, Latin for “Field of Mars,” was an area of nearly 600 acres
near the Tiber River where soldiers, athletes and children could practice
horse riding, play ball, or swim. The fields were surrounded by buildings
such as the Pantheon, the Baths of Agrippa, the Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace),
and the Temple of Isis and Serapis.
The Portico Octavia was built by Augustus in honor of his sister, Octavia
Minor. The colonnaded portico housed the temples of Jupiter Stator and Juno
Regina. It was also next to the Theater of Marcellus; Marcellus was Octavia’s
The Temple of Saturn stood at the western end of the Roman Forum and housed
the Sacred Treasury.
The Roman Forum was located between the Palatine and Capitoline hills and
was the most important area in Rome. The Forum housed the Regia (home to the
ancient kings), innumerable shops, and the Roman Senate.
of Mars Ultor
After winning the battle of Philippi in 42 BCE, Augustus vowed to build a
temple honoring Mars, the Roman God of War.
The Basilica Aemilia was a public basilica in the Roman Forum. Shops filled
At 40 meters high, the Palatine Hill overlooks both the Roman Forum and the
Circus Maximus. According to mythology, the Palatine Hill was the location
of the cave (the Lupercal) where the abandoned infants Romulus and Remus were
found by a she-wolf that fed them and kept them alive. When Romulus and Remus
reached adulthood, they built a new city on the banks of the Tiber River.
After a violent argument, however, Romulus killed his twin brother Remus.
The surviving brother, Romulus, founded the city of Rome.
of Venus Genetrix
The Temple of Venus Genetrix was built for the Roman goddess of motherhood
and domesticity. Located in Caesar’s Forum, it was dedicated in 46 BCE by
Julius Caesar and housed a statue not only of Caesar himself, but of his mistress
Queen Cleopatra. Inside the temple walls visitors could also see famous works
of art and rare gems.
The Theatre of Marcellus was named after Augustus’s nephew, Marcellus. The
architectural style incorporates three types of columns: Ionic, Doric, and
Remains of the Circus Maximus
The Circus Maximus was a massive hippodrome nestled between the Aventine and
Palatine hills. The largest circus in ancient Rome, it hosted chariot races
where spectators could place bets on their favorite teams: the Reds, the Whites,
the Blues or the Greens.
Tiber Island is the only island in the Tiber river. It is approximately 270
meters long and 67 meters wide.
The House of Augustus (Domus Augustana) was built on the Palatine overlooking
the Circus Maximus. Its frescoed walls and painted triclinium can still be
Construction on the Forum began in 20 BC and included a temple honoring Mars,
the god of War. The Forum was also filled with statuary honoring gods, goddesses,
and great men of Rome.